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  • A Guide for Water Utilities: Minimizing Earthquake Damage. American Water Works Association: Denver, Colorado (1994).

  • Abatement of Seismic Hazards to Lifelines: Proceedings of a Workshop on Development of an Action Plan Volume 1. FEMA Publ. 135. Developed by the Building Seismic Safety Council for FEMA: Washington, DC (1987).

  • Abatement of Seismic Hazards to Lifelines: An Action Plan. Developed by the Building Seismic Safety Council for FEMA: Washington, DC. (1987).

  • Analytical evaluation of retrofit strategies for multi-column bridges, by Cofer, McClean & Zhang. Technical report for Research Project T9902-11, by U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington State Department of Transportation, Washington State Transportation Commission, Planning and Programming Service Center: Olympia, Washington (1997).

  • ATC-25: Seismic Vulnerability and Impact of Disruption of Lifelines in the Conterminous United States. Developed by the Applied Technology Council for FEMA: Washington, DC (1991).

  • Critical Issues and State-of-the-Art in Lifeline Earthquake Engineering. Schiff and Buckle. ASCE National Convention Proceedings, San Diego, October 1995. American Society of Civil Engineers: New York, NY (1995).

  • Design Guidelines for Assessment Retrofit and Repair of Bridges for Seismic Performance, Report No. SSRP-92/01. A report to the National Institute of Standards & Technology under Contract # 50BNB1C6525. Department of Applied Mechanics & Engineering Sciences, University of California San Diego: LaJolla, California (1992).

  • Earthquake Hazard Mitigation for Utility Lifeline Systems. Emergency Management Institute. FEMA: Washington, DC (1992).

  • Earthquake Resistant Construction of Gas and Liquid Fuel Pipeline Systems Serving, or Regulated by, the Federal Government. Developed by the Applied Technology Council for FEMA: Washington, DC (1992).

  • Glossary of Some Common Terms in Seismology. National Earthquake Information Center. World Data Center for Seismology, Denver, Colorado. Internet: www.neic.cr.usgs.gov.

  • Ground Improvement, Reinforcement, & Grouting. International Society for Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical Engineering. International Technology Transfer Center for Ground Improvement Geosystems Polytechnic University: Brooklyn, NY. Internet: http://tc17.poly.edu/

  • Guidelines for Evaluation & Mitigation of Seismic Hazards in California, Chapter 6. California Division of Mines and Geology. Special Publication 117: Internet: www.consrv.ca.gov/dmg/pubs/sp/117/chap_6.htm

  • "High-Tech Isolation." Lee, Peter L. et al, 2001. American Society of Civil Engineers. Reston, Virginia. Civil Engineering, May 2001.

  • "Seismic Retrofit of Steel Bridges." Malik, A.H. Modern Steel Construction. American Institute of Steel Construction: Chicago, IL (1997).

  • Natural Hazard Mitigation: Recasting Disaster Policy & Planning. Godschalk, Beatley, Berke, Brower and Kaiser. Island Press: Washington, DC (1999).

  • Nature of Ground Motion and Its Effect on Buildings, The. National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering (NISEE). University of California: Berkeley, CA (1982).

  • FEMA 172:  NEHRP Handbook of Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings.  Prepared by Building Seismic Safety Council: Washington, DC (1992).

  • FEMA 174: Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage: A Practical Guide. Prepared by Wiss, Janey, Elstner Associates, Inc. for FEMA: Washington, DC (1994).

  • Screening Guide for Rapid Assessment of Liquefaction Hazard at Highway Bridge Sites. Research conducted at Brigham Young University, supported by Federal Highway Administration Contract # DTFH61-92-C-00106. Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research: Buffalo, NY (1998).

  • Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges. 1996. Priestley, Seible & Calvi. Wiley-Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York, NY (1996).

  • Seismic Retrofit Measures for Highway Bridges. Robinson, Longinow & Albert. Report. Engineering Research Division, IIT Research Institute: Chicago, IL (1979).

  • Seismic Retrofitting Alternatives for San Francisco's Unreinforced Masonry Buildings: Estimates of Construction Costs and Seismic Damage. Report. Rutherford & Chekene Consulting Engineers: San Francisco, CA (1990).

  • Utah Guide for the Seismic Improvement of Unreinforced Masonry Dwellings. Utah Department of Public Safety, Division of Comprehensive Emergency Management: Salt Lake City, UT. Internet: www.cem.state.ut.us/



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Randolph Langenbach

M-Arch (Harvard), Dipl.Conservation (York, England)

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